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Home Business Risks Radical Islam. Indonesia's Radical Link to the Middle East Radical Islamic movements in Indonesia are not a new phenomenon but have been present since the colonial era. Continued Suppression in Independent Indonesia When Indonesia became an independent country, the stricter Muslim groups were to become disappointed.

Indonesian Radicalism Comes to the Surface When Suharto was forced to leave office in and the Reformation period commenced, it implied no more political restrictions to the establishment of radical-inspired Muslim organizations. Recent Developments in Indonesia's Radical Islam According to the Indonesian police, 55 terror suspects have been killed and have been arrested during the period Aceh Training Camp In , the Indonesian government had reasonable success in combating terrorist networks. Below is a list of recent violent incidents involving radical Muslim groups: Date Description April A suicide bomber wounded 30 people mostly policemen in a mosque on a police compound in Cirebon West Java September A suicide bomber wounded 22 Indonesian churchgoers in Solo Central Java March Densus 88 killed five Muslim radicals in Bali who were planning robberies to finance future terror attacks September Densus 88 arrested a group of 11 Muslim radicals in Solo and confiscated homemade bombs that were assumed to be used for attacks against the Indonesian police and the parliament building January Densus 88 killed five suspected Muslim terrorists in Bima and Dompu on the island of Sumbawa West Nusa Tenggara.

Allegedly, these killed suspects were preparing terrorist attacks on targets on Sumbawa May Densus 88 killed seven and arrested 20 suspected terrorists in raids throughout Java. One week earlier a plot to bomb the embassy of Myanmar was uncovered January Eight people four attackers and four civilians were killed by explosions and gunfire around a Starbucks and police post in front of the Sarina shopping mall in Central Jakarta.

About Al-Qaeda

Islamic State claimed responsibility for this terror attack July Indonesian Police killed two Islamic militants during a shootout in the jungle on Sulawesi. He managed to escape after the break-up of the Aceh training camp in and fled to Sulawesi in the region near Poso from where he led MIT. This militant group carried out numerous kidnappings and killings over the past couple of years, specifically directed at Indonesian security forces August A year-old Islamic State sympathizer tried to kill a Catholic priest and tried to detonate a self-made bomb during the Sunday service in a church in Medan North Sumatra.

Fortunately, he failed August A group of six terrorists were arrested in Batam. They were planning a rocket attack at Marina Bay in Singapore from Batam. This group is expected to have close ties to Bahrun Naim, an Indonesian militant who is believed to be in Syria fighting for IS December Densus 88 killed three alleged terrorists and found various self-made bombs in Tangerang West Java that were presumably intended to be used for suicide attacks during Christmas and New Year celebrations.

One woman was arrested. Several days later Densus 88 arrested several alleged terrorists in West and North Sumatra February A terrorist was shot dead in Bandung West Java by Indonesian police after detonating a bomb near a local government office. There were no casualties. The terrorist, who had previously been in jail for his involvement in the Aceh militant training camp, was reportedly linked to the terrorist group Jamaah Anshar Daulah JAD , known as IS sympathizers. The bomb was aimed at Densus 88 March Densus 88 arrested eight terror suspects in a series of raids around Jakarta.

One was shot dead as he resisted arrest. These people are alleged Islamic State supporters who were involved in attacks and the smuggling of firearms April Six alleged members of an Islamic militant group were killed in Tuban East Java after they attacked police officers May Two suicide bombers killed three police officers and injured ten other people near a bus station Kampung Melayu in East Jakarta 23 June An Islamic assailant attacked two police officers at a local mosque near the National Police headquarters in South Jakarta 25 June Two terrorists killed a police officer at his post in Medan North Sumatra.

Other police officers managed to kill the assailant, while arresting another person in relation to this case August Five suspected Islamic militants were arrested in Bandung while bomb making materials were confiscated at their houses. They were believed to be preparing attacks on the Presidential Palace in Jakarta and local Police headquarters May Convicted terrorists rebelled in a high security prison in Depok near Jakarta.

Inmates managed to kill and kidnap guards as well as to break down an internal gate to reach a weapon room. After almost two days Indonesian security officers manages to end the riot as all inmates surrendered. It led to a total of 15 deaths 13 May A bomb exploded in a low-cost apartment complex nearby Sidoarjo. It is assumed that this bomb, which went off prematurely, was made to be used in a terrorist attack.


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Local police assume a link with the church bombings earlier on the day 14 May The entrance of Surabaya's police headquarters was target of a suicide bomb. A local family driving on two motorcycles blew themselves up, causing ten deaths Although there are positive developments in the battle against Islamic radicalism in Indonesia, it should be noted that radical ideology remains rooted in the minds of a small part of Indonesia's Muslim community as long as there is a secular Indonesian government.

Last update: 16 May Share. A suicide bomber wounded 30 people mostly policemen in a mosque on a police compound in Cirebon West Java. Densus 88 killed five Muslim radicals in Bali who were planning robberies to finance future terror attacks. Densus 88 arrested a group of 11 Muslim radicals in Solo and confiscated homemade bombs that were assumed to be used for attacks against the Indonesian police and the parliament building. Allegedly, these killed suspects were preparing terrorist attacks on targets on Sumbawa. Densus 88 killed seven and arrested 20 suspected terrorists in raids throughout Java.

One week earlier a plot to bomb the embassy of Myanmar was uncovered. Eight people four attackers and four civilians were killed by explosions and gunfire around a Starbucks and police post in front of the Sarina shopping mall in Central Jakarta. Islamic State claimed responsibility for this terror attack. Indonesian Police killed two Islamic militants during a shootout in the jungle on Sulawesi.

This militant group carried out numerous kidnappings and killings over the past couple of years, specifically directed at Indonesian security forces. A year-old Islamic State sympathizer tried to kill a Catholic priest and tried to detonate a self-made bomb during the Sunday service in a church in Medan North Sumatra.

Fortunately, he failed.

Is Al-Qaeda's Central Leadership Still Relevant?

A group of six terrorists were arrested in Batam. This group is expected to have close ties to Bahrun Naim, an Indonesian militant who is believed to be in Syria fighting for IS. Densus 88 killed three alleged terrorists and found various self-made bombs in Tangerang West Java that were presumably intended to be used for suicide attacks during Christmas and New Year celebrations.

Several days later Densus 88 arrested several alleged terrorists in West and North Sumatra. A terrorist was shot dead in Bandung West Java by Indonesian police after detonating a bomb near a local government office. The bomb was aimed at Densus Densus 88 arrested eight terror suspects in a series of raids around Jakarta. Every Muslim should set his mind and heart and pledge allegiance to the Emir of the Believers Mullah Muhammad Omar for this is the great pledge [8].

The relationship is mutual, as Bill Roggio editor of The Long War Journal explains, " Evidence of this relationship is seen in the small number of Osama bin Laden's documents that have been released to the public. While the al Qaeda leaders often express frustration over the Taliban's attacks that kill civilians and other issues, it is clear that al Qaeda exercises a degree of control over the group [9].

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There are some ideological gaps between the two such as the Taliban adhere to Deobandi brand of Islam whereas Al-Qaeda to the Wahabi version of Islam. But the political ambitions of the two remain the same and with common enemies the two appear to continue to work together. As slain Al-Qaeda leader Abu Mustafa al-Yazid said "We participate with our brothers in the Islamic Emirate in all fields; this had a big positive effect on the Taliban self-esteem in Afghanistan [11].

The Al-Qaeda-Taliban connection could be analyzed on their following modes of cooperation : Training camps in Taliban-ruled Afghanistan were established by Bin Laden and his network for providing foot soldiers against Taliban enemies in times of need especially whenever they opened a front against the Northern Alliance in their military endeavors in the north. The Al-Qaeda-run training camps supplied Arabs, Pakistani, Uzbeks and other nationalities' militants to Taliban especially during their second offensive at Mazar-e-Shariff as the first offensives turned out to be a fiasco for Taliban and had lost thousands of their best soldiers.

In times of financial crunch, Bin Laden also provided financial assistance to Taliban which was quite valuable for them. Gathering support for Taliban regime amongst Arab sympathizers of Al-Qaeda was another milestone achieved by Al-Qaeda and that strengthened their alliance. Arab sympathizers started to send millions of dollars of alms money to Taliban regime also in the form of weapons and equipment ranging from four by four vehicles to small arms.

Is Al-Qaeda's Central Leadership Still Relevant? :: Middle East Quarterly

Zakat money charity poured into Afghanistan from Arab states, only because of the personal contacts of Bin Laden in Arab and Middle Eastern states. It is believed that the impetus behind destruction of Buddha statues in Bamiyan province in July was also initiated by the Taliban on the advice of Bin Laden. Taliban refused to listen to Pakistani authorities when they showed them their concerns.

They preferred Bin Laden, the Saudi exile over, their primary and most important ally Pakistan. The very event showed the Taliban reliance on Bin Laden network rather than the state which had continued to support them from the beginning. According to Gretchen Peters, " When the Taliban blew up the ancient Buddhas of Bamian, even after Islamabad had dispatched its foreign minister to beg them not to, the Americans concluded Islamabad had created a monster it could no longer control [2].

Sectarian terrorist outfits such as Lashkar-e-Jhangvi LeJ were proscribed by the state of Pakistan and most of the leadership of banned sectarian groups found safe havens in Afghanistan only when they colluded with Al-Qaeda and received training at Al-Qaeda-run training camps.

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The anti-Shia sectarian organizations had created havoc in Pakistan during mids and, after founding an enclave in Afghanistan, their numbers swelled and endured. Pakistani authorities repeatedly asked Taliban regime to hand them over but only to be turned down by the Taliban. After the fall of Taliban regime, when the Al-Qaeda leadership was on the run, these Al-Qaeda-trained Pakistani groups helped escort Bin Laden and Zawahiri out of Afghanistan along with their hundreds of Arab rank and files and provided them shelter in the tribal areas of Pakistan.

Many of high ranking Al-Qaeda leaders were later arrested by Pakistani security forces from major Pakistani cities and tribal areas. Because of their anti-Shia rhetoric and actions, the Taliban found an equally vocal Al-Qaeda and a natural alliance was formed against Shia-Muslims of Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Iranian influence in Afghanistan was another issue and both had a common stance in declaring Shia community of Afghanistan as non-Muslims and stern action was taken against the Shia community living in Afghanistan. The murder of Iranian diplomats at second Mazar-e-Shariff offensive in , added with massacre of Shia-Hazara community, was a blatant proof of it.

According to sources, during the Mazar-e-Shariff battle most brutalities were committed by the Arab legion of Taliban troops and Pakistani sectarian outfits part of the invading Taliban force. Most importantly, the assassination of Northern Alliance leader Ahmad Shah Maosud, by two Arabs in a suicide attack, was another example of Al-Qaeda-Taliban cooperation. You currently have the following cookie configuration. You can change the cookies you accept by ticking or unticking the relevant boxes.

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